PERSONNAGES

Li Dongyuan (Li Gao)

2417 vues 17/10/2007 14/11/2017 0

1180-1252

Li gao (1180-1252 après J.-C.), appelé aussi Li Mingzhi ou Li Dongyuan ou Li Dongheng, naquit à Zhengding, province de Hebei. Devenu un disciple de Zhang Yuansu, il soutint que les maladies, excepté les variations climatiques extérieures, étaient dues principalement aux « blessures internes » de la Rate et de l’Estomac (c’est-à-dire intempérence à la boisson et à la nourriture ou au surmenage) et proposa le traitement par la régulation de la Rate, de l’Estomac et du Qi originel (Energie Vitale). Il était considéré comme le fondateur de l’Ecole de Fortification de la Rate et de l’Estomac. Son oeuvre maîtresse était Pi Wi Lun « Traité sur la Rate et l’Estomac ».
1 · Pi Wei Lun 

Articles

1- gera: 1970/di/ra
 [APPROCHE DE LA PENSEE ACADEMIQUE DE LI DONGUYAN EN OPHTALMOLOGIE]. WANG MINGJIE. journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1982;23(11):4 (chi).

2- gera: 5455/di/ra
 [EXPLORATIONS SUR LE PRINCIPE D’ACTIVATION DE LA CIRCULATION SANGUINE ET ELIMINATION DE LA STAGNATION DE LI DONGYUAN]. TAN DEFU. journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1983;24(7):7 (chi).

3- gera: 32884/di/ra
 [STUDY ON DR LI DONG-YUAN’S EXPERIENCE OF CLEARING AWAY THE INTERNAL HEAT WITH DRUGS OF BITTER FLAVOUR AND COLD NATURE]. TAN DEFU. zhejiang journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1986;21(4):148 (chi).

4- gera: 31070/di/ra
 [DISCUSSION ON ACUPUNCTURE WAYS OF LI DONGYUAN]. WANG ZHANGLIAN. journal of zhejiang tcm college. 1986;6(10):46 (chi).

5- gera: 53482/di/ra
 [DISCUSSION ON LI DONGYUAN’S PRESCRIPTION AND SELECTION OF DRUGS]. GAO CHUNYUAN. shandong journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1988;4:10-3 (chi).

6- gera: 22809/di/ra
 [INQUIRY ON ACADEMIC THOUGHTS OF ACUPUNCTURE AND MOXIBUSTION HELD BY « FOUR PRINCIPAL PHYSICIANS IN JIN AND YUAN PERIOD »]. ZHAO HUILING. chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. 1988;8(3):46-51 (chi*).
 La pensée doctrinale et la pratique des quatre principaux médecins de la dynastie Jin et Yuan : Liu Wansu, Zhong Cong Zheng, Li Gao, Zhu Zhen Heng continuent d’enrichir l’acupuncture et la moxibustion d’aujourd’hui.
 
7- gera: 62439/di/ra
 [ACHIEVEMENT OF LI DONG-YUAN ON TRAUMATOLOGY]. GUO HUEI QING ET AL. henan traditional chinese medicine. 1991;11(1):20-1 (chi).

8- gera: 64929/di/ra
 [AN EXPLORATION OF YIN-FIRE THEORY OF LI DONGYUANG]. WANG CHANGRONG. acta medica sinica. 1991;6(3):7 (chi).

9- gera: 44138/di/ra
 [STUDY ABOUT LI GAO’S LEARNING THOUGHT]. CAO LIPING. shaanxi traditional chinese medicine. 1992;13(10):453 (chi).

10- gera: 39145/di/ra
 [TRIAL ANALYSES OF LI DONG YUAN’S THEORY ON THE « YIN FIRE »]. XIE SHIPING. henan traditional chinese medicine. 1992;12(1):12 (chi).

11- gera: 44192/di/ra
 [DISEASES BY SPLEEN-STOMACH INTERNAL INJURY VIEWPOINT AND THEORY OF SPLEEN-STOMACH OF  LI GAO]. YANG TIANRONG. beijing journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1992;5:38 (chi).

12- gera: 57184/di/ra
 DONG-YUAN NEEDLING : THE ACUPUNCTURE TECHNIQUES OF LI DONG-YUAN FROM PI WEI LUN (TREATISE ON THE SPLEEN AND STOMACH). FLAWS B ET AL. american journal of acupuncture. 1993;21(2):159-62 (eng).
 The following is a translation of chapter 10, book 2 of Li Dong-yuan’s Pi Wei Lun (Treatise on the Spleen and Stomach). In particular, it focuses on Li’s approach to acupuncture integrating his theories on the role of the Spleen and Stomach in disease, yin fire, chaos of the qi. It is an example of what has come to be known as Dong-yuan needling.
 
13- gera: 46734/di/ra
 [ZHU DANQI’S CONTRIBUTION TO SUCCEEDING AND DEVELOPING LI DONGHUAN’S DOCTRINE]. SONG JINGZHONG. shanghai journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1993;7:30 (chi).

14- gera: 53923/di/ra
 [ON THE LI DONG YUAN’S LEARNED THOUGHT OF SPLEEN-STOMACH DISEASES RESULTED FROM WANG JINHU. shaanxi journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1994;15(7):309 (chi).

15- gera: 69828/di/ra
 [ON DRUGS FOR WIND WITH ASCENDING YANG NATAURE APPLIED BY LI DONGYUAN]. XIN JUN. journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1998;39(3):136 (chi).

16- gera: 87831/di/ra
 [TEXTUAL RESEARCH ON EMERGENCY IN LI DONG-YUAN’S « INTERNAL INJURY DISEASES OF SPLEEN AND STOMACH »-EXPLANATION OF THE MEANING OF « TEN-DAY PERIOD AND DATE »]. FU YOU-FENG. chinese medicine and traditional culture. 1999;3:28 (chi).

17- gera: 73747/di/ra
 [ON LI DONGYUAN’S HERBAL « LIFTING,LOWING,FLOATING AND SINKING »]. ZHOU GUO-QI ET AL. shanghai journal of tcm. 1999;10:25 (chi*).
 In the book On Spleen and Stomach, Li established spleen-stomach theory on the herbal four properties  » lifting, lowing, floating and sinking  » and then explained the change laws of earth-and heaven-qi and the physiologic and pathologic phenomena of human being to guide the use of herbs in clinical practice. It was emphasized that Spleen-and food-qi lifting could harmonize the visceral functions, consequently the body can keep vigorous and thus prolong the life span, Spleen- and food-qi lowing can lead to visceral disharmony and subsequently various diseases occurred to shorten life expectancy. In clinical practice, corresponding herbs were used to normalize the qi activities to nourish spleen and stomach, chiefly to lift spleen-qi.
 
18- gera: 75725/di/ra
 [DISCUSSION ON LI DONGYUAN’S TRAITS OF CORRESPONDING APPLICATION IN 17 PRESCRIPTIONS ELEVATING THE YANG ENERGY]. DAI YONG-SHENG. liaoning journal of tcm. 2000;27(1):15 (chi*).
 The number of medicines is more while the doses are lighter in the 17 prescriptions elevating the yang energy. Applying ginseng, milk veteh, large-headed atractylodes and licorice root to supplementing the energy, corresponding skund bugbane, Chinese thorowax, notopterygium and angelica to lift up the yang energy, adding skullcap and Chinese goldthread to slightly cool the yin fire, and the corporation of the three kinds of medicines is changed according to the syndromes. So the Dongyuan’s application traits are supplementing the energy, elevating the yang energy accompanied with cooling the yin fire.
 
19- gera: 71252/di/ra
 [EXAMPLES OF LI DONGYUAN’S ACUPUNCTURE THEORY]. LI RONG. shanghai journal of tcm. 2000;34(3):11 (chi*).
 Li Dongyuan was an expert on splenico-gastric diseases in the Jin and Yuan dynasties. On acupuncture theory, he developed the viewpoints in « Classic of Chinese Medicine » and elucidated « treating yin for yang diseases; treating yang for yin diseases » on the basis of the theories of zang-fu organs, meridian and collateral and acupoint. On acupuncture treatment, he also laid stress on spleen and stomach theory and had original view in treating apoplexy, vaginal fetor, metorrhagia, leprosy and nape cellulitis, etc.
 
20- gera: 86858/di/ra
 [ANALYSIS OF THE PARTIAL OPINION IN LI DONG YUAN’ S THEORY OF  » YIN FIRE »]. SUN YUN HE ET AL. henan traditional chinese medicine. 2000;20(2):5 (chi*).
 Li Dong Yuan, the ancient doctor, put forward the theory of  » yin fire  » and the therapy of relieving pathogenic heat with drugs of sweet flavor and warm nature. However, there are some obscure ideas about the generation and the occurrence mechanism of  » yin fire « , on which the author raises a query.
 
21- gera: 71383/di/ra
 [CONTRIBUTION OF THE SPLEEN IS RESPONSIBLE FOR TRANSPORT AND CONVERSION THEORY BY LI DONG YUAN]. WU YAO-NAN ET AL. gansu journal of tcm. 2000;13(1):4 (chi).

22- gera: 96129/di/ra
 [ PRELIMINARY APPROACH TO LI DONGYUAN’S THEORIES ABOUT DIFFERENTIATION AND TREATMENT OF FLUID-RETENTION SYNDROME]. WANG DONGPO. journal of traditional chinese medicine. 2001;42(8):453 (chi).

23- gera: 95474/di/ra
 [THE FEATURE ON THE UTILITY OF WIND-DISPERSING MEDICINES BY LI DONG-YUAN]. ZHANG LIMIN. traditional chinese medicinal research. 2001;14(2):3 (chi).

24- gera: 97691/di/ra
 [ANALYSIS OF LI DONG – YUAN’S ‘YIN HUO ‘]. ZHENG HONG BIN. henan journal of traditional chinese medicine and phrmacy. 2001;16(3):4 (chi).

25- gera: 103493/di/ra
 [DISCUSSION ON LI DONGYUAN’S YIN FIRE]. GUAN HONGXIAO. journal of gansu college of traditional chinese medicine. 2002;19(1):7 (chi).

26- gera: 106359/di/ra
 [IMPROPER « VOLUME » OF « BIOGRAPHY OF MASTER LI DONG-YUAN » IS  » HISTORY OF YUAN DYNASTY »]. QI DAN. knowledge of ancient medical literature. 2002;19(3):26 (chi).

27- gera: 106510/di/ra
 [TREATING TUMORS BY FLEXIBLELY APPLYING LI DONGYUAN’S FORMULAE]. YAN ZHONGQING. zhejiang journal of traditional chinese medicine. 2002;37(9):398 (chi).

28- gera: 127542/di/ra
 [RESEARCH ON REGULARITY IN LI DONG-YUAN’ S PRESCRIPTIONS]. LU GUANG-YAO TUTOR: ZHOU MING-XIN. xinjiang journal of tcm. 2003;21(6):49 (chi).

29- gera: 125347/di/ra
 [RESEARCH ON REGULARITY IN LI DONGYUAN’ S PRESCRIPTIONS ]. LU GUANG-YAO TUTOR:ZHOU MING-XIN. chinese journal of traditional medicine traumatology and orthopedics. 2003;11(6):49 (chi).

30- gera: 123441/di/ra
 [COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SARS AND INTERNAL INJURIES PRESENTED BY LI DONGYUAN]. ZHANG NIANSHUN. china journal of tcm and pharmacy. 2003;18(10):590 (chi*).

31- gera: 133988/di/ra
 [ABBREVIATED CHRONICLE OF LI DONGYUAN’S LIFE ( I )]. FANG CHUNYANG . zhejiang journal of tcm. 2004;39(8):347 (chi).

32- gera: 131333/di/ra
 [LI DONGYUAN’S SPLEEN – STOMACH THEORY AND CLINICAL PRACTICE]. LI SHOUCHAO. journal of shaanxi college of tcm. 2004;27(4):4 (chi*).
 Li Dongyuan was the representative of school of medical thought of strengthening spleen, one of the four schools of medical thought in the Jin and Yuan Dynasties. His spleen – stomach theory has great influences on the following generations. On the basis of studying his book Pi Wei Lun, or Treatise on Spleen and Stomach, the author studied the essence of the spleen – stomach theory physiologically, pathologically, therapeutically and administrationally. The purpose is to make use of the ancient theory for the present, and summarize its clinical practical value in modem clinical application.
 
33- gera: 128238/di/ra
 [LI DONGYUAN’S CLINICAL CHARACTER OF DOSE AND PRESCRIPTION]. LI ZHONG-XIN. guang ming journal of tcm. 2004;4(19):41 (chi).

34- gera: 128318/di/ra
 [CHARACTERISTICS AND MEDICATION RULES OF LI DONGYUAN’S SPLEEN-STOMACH THEORY]. MAO DEXI . journal of henan university of chinese medicine. 2004;4(2):10 (chi*).
 Li Dongyuan’s spleen-stomach theory is a milestone in the history of traditional Chinese medicine. He soughe for knowledge from a medical master, Zhang Yuansu, and thought highly of his idea: « It is not workable to just make use of traditionally old prescriptions to cure present diseases.  » After lots of clinical practice and repeated examination, he put forward his own viewpoint-all diseases originated from internal impairment of the spleen and stomach, and established his therapeutic principle: clearing away extreme heat by applying medicines sweet in flavor and warm in nature. He created such prescriptions as Buzhong Yiqi Decoction, Shengyang Yiwei Decoction, Bupiweri Shengyang Xieyinhuo Decoction, which contributed to therapy for reinforcing and mourishing the spleen and stomach, elevating yangqi, and clearing away heat by applying medicines sweet in flavor and warm in nature. And thus he became a representative of the Medical School advocating the method of invigorating the spleen. Since then his theory has been influencing the development of traditional Chinese Medicine.
 
35- gera: 124744/di/ra
 [A PROBE INTO LI DONGYUAN’S THOUGHTS ON NURSING THE SPLEEN AND THE STOMACH ]. WU HUIDE . henan tcm. 2004;24(1):24 (chi)