LI SHIZHEN

1518-1593

Li Shizhen appelé Li Deng ou Li Binshu fut un grand médecin et un grand naturaliste natif de Qizhou actuellement Qichou, dans la province de Hubei, naquit d’une famille de médecins. Son père li Yanwen fut un politicien médical accompli. Après trois échecs pour l’obtention de son diplôme d’officier, Li Shizhen décida d’entreprendre le métier de son père. Il concentra sur les études médicales et son habileté lui permis d’être reconnu auprès de ses contemporains. Il écrivit une douzaine d’ouvrages médicaux parmi lesquels Ben Cao Gong Hu « Compendium de Pharmacologie » fut le plus renommé. Les autres ouvrages écrits par Li comprennent Bin Hu Mai Xue « l’Etude des Pouls de Bin Hu» et Qi Jing Ba Mai Kao « Une Etude des Huit Méridiens Curieux ».

 Ben Cao Gang Mu
2 · Bin Hu Mai Xue

Articles

Georges Métailié. Histoire naturelle et humanisme en Chine et en Europe au XVIe siècle : Li Shizhen et Jacques Dalechamp, Revue d’histoire des sciences, 1989, n° 4, pp. 353-374.

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 CHINA‘S GREATIST NATURALIST : A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF LI SHIH-CHEN. LU G D. american journal of chinese medicine. 1976;4(3):209-18 (eng).
   
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 [SUR LA PENSEE ET LA METHODOLOGIE SCIENTIFIQUE DE LI SHIZHEN]. CAI JINGFENG. chinese journal of medical history. 1983;13(4):210 (chi).
   
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 [L’EXPERIENCE CLINIQUE DE LI SHIZHEN]. FANG CHUNYANG ET AL. journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1983;24(9):4 (chi).
   
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 [LI SHI ZHEN (BIOGRAPHIE)]. MACIOCIA G. journal of chinese medicine. 1983;11:1-2 (eng). 

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 [DISCUSSION SUR LA CONTRIBUTION DE LI SHIZHEN A LA GYNECOLOGIE]. WU XI. fujian journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1983;101:30 (chi).
   
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 [LI SHIZHEN’S CONTRIBUTION TO SPHYGMOLOGY]. ZHAO HONGEN. journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1983;24(9):7 (chi).
   
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 [CONTRIBUTION DE LI SHIZHEN A LA SYSTEMATISATION DES PLANTES CHINOISES]. LI ZHONG GWEN. chinese journal of medical history. 1984;14(1):35 (chi).
   
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 LI SHI ZHEN (1518-1593). REMPP C. bulletin de l’association de recherche et d’etude des medecines de l’asie. 1984;4:6-8 (fra).
   
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 [DISCUSSION SUR L’EXPERIENCE DE LI SHIZHEN POUR PROVOQUER L’EXPECTORATION]. ZHU ZENGBAI. journal of zhejiang tcm college. 1984;8(4):4 (chi).  
   
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 [NEW EXPLANATION OF LI SHIZHEN TO TWO COMBINATION OF EPHEDRA AND CINAMMON TWIGS]. WANG HUI. journal of zhejiang tcm college. 1987;3(11):29 (chi).  
   
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 [BRIEF ANALYSIS OF LI SHIZHEN’S CLINICAL ACADEMIC THOUGHT]. HU YONG. jiangsu journal of tcm. 1988;9(11):33 (chi).  
   
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 [A TRIAL DISCUSSION ON LI SHIZHEN’S DIALECTIC IDEA]. LIU JIAN. knowledge of ancient medical literature. 1990;4:22-4 (chi).  
   
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 [LI SHIZHEN IS ALSO EXPERT IN MAKING COMMENTS]. ZHAO ZHEN GUO. knowledge of ancient medical literature. 1990;4:10-5 (chi).  
   
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 [LI SHIZHEN’S COMPREHENSIVE TREATMENT OF THE ENTRY "HAMA" FROM HERBOLOGY OF CLASSIFIED SYNDROMES]. SUN QI-MING. chinese journal of medical history. 1991;21(3):150 (chi*).  
 Ever since Tao Hongjing of the Liang Dynasty conjugated the entry of "Hama" carried in Shenon’s Classic of Herbology with that of the Supplementary Records, in the course of almost one thousand years, these two things were treated as one in the medical circle. Although Chen Changqi of the Tang Dynasty pointed out this erroneous fact in his Herbology of Classified Syndromes of the Song Dynasty, this error hadn’t been corrected. It was not until Li Shizhen established five separate entries, i. e.. Hama, Toad, Venom of Toad, Shange,Tianfu in his work, which were included as a single entry in Herbology of the Song dynasty. Li opened a new page in TCM and clarified the vagueness in this concern.   

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 [ANCIENT AND MODERN SELECTED COMPILATIONS OF DATA ABOUT LI SHIZHEN]. WU ZUOXIN. knowledge of ancient medical literature. 1991;2:27 (chi).  
   
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 [A FEW QUESTIONS ON ENTRY "LI SHIZHEN" IN BIOGRAPHIES OF MING DYNASTY VIPS]. WU ZUOXIN. knowledge of ancient medical literature. 1993;3:14 (chi).  
   
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 [ON LI SHIZHEN EXPERIENCE OF APPLYING MEDICINES FOR TREATING EPILEPSY]. ZHANG SHAOLIA. acta chinese medicine and pharmacology. 1993;5:6 (chi).  
   
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 [ENLIGHTENMENT FROM LI SHIZHEN’S CASE RECORDS]. ZHAO JINJUAN. journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1993;34(11):692 (chi).  
   
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 [A TRIAL DISCUSSION ON LI SHIZHEN’S ACADEMIC FEATURES OF DRUG APPLICATION ON BENEFITING BODY AND PROLONGING LIFE]. WANG ZHENPING. hunan journal of tcm. 1994;10(3):22 (chi).  
   
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 [ANALYSIS OF TWO LOST POEMS WRITTEN BY LI SHIZHEN]. WU ZUOXING. knowledge of ancient medical literature. 1994;3:38 (chi).  
   
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 [ON THE CONTRIBUTION OF LI SHIZHEN IN STUDIES OF THE EIGHT EXTRA CHANNELS]. LI WANYAO. chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. 1996;16(6):30 (chi).  
   
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 [A PRELIMINARY STUDY OF LI SHIZHEN’S MANUSCRIPTS IN EXISTENCE LI PINHU’S MEDICAL BOOK]. WU ZUOXIN. shanghai journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1996;11:40 (chi).  
   
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 [CHARACTERISTICS OF LI SHIZHEN’S MEDICAL RECORDS]. LU SUIRONG ET AL. liaoning journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1998;25(6):254 (chi).  
 Prof. Li shou shan thought that dyspepsia should be treated from the abdominal distention and the stomachache. The key pathogenesis is impaired transpoting-transforming function caused by the qi-insufficiency of the Middle-Jiao; stagnation of the Liver-qi; co-existing of heat and cold syndroms; exhaustion of body fluid, expecially the first one is common.The therapeutic principles are strengthening the spleen; regulatong the liver-qi; regulating the heat and cold; purgation with nourishing Yin. He sets up the dicoction for strensthening the spleen and reducing the audominal distention; the dicoction for regulating the liver qi and stomach; the dicoction for regulating the middle-jiao and reducing the abdominal distention; the dicoction for heat-clearing of middle-jiao and reduing the abdominal distention,these dicoctions have a good effect on clinic.
  
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 [ANTONYM INTERPRETED BY LI SHIZHEN]. CHEN ZHU-YOU. chinese medicine and traditional culture. 1999;4:43 (chi).  
   
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 [LI SHIZHENG’S OBSERVATION AND EXPERIMENTAL METHOD ON CHINESE HERBS]. HU AIPING. china journal of traditional chinese medicine and pharmacy. 2000;15(3):12 (chi).  
   
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 [LI SHIZHEN ‘ S CONTRIBUTION TO GYNECOLOGICAL DISEASE]. LAN ZHENGZI. acta chinese medicine and pharmacology. 2002;30(5):52 (chi).  
 Based on his full study on orthopedics, CHEN XlUYUAN put forth the differentiation between the wind, bi and wei syndrome, which exerted a great impact on later gonerations. As for treatment, he respected the theory of Huangch ‘ s classic on medicine and Zhongjing , employing profound prescriptions from various schools. Besides, he emphasized on cheriching vital qi and blood as well as treating both the interior and exterior at the same time, which deserves further studies and spreeding.
  
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 [THE WRITING OF COMPENDIUM OF MATERIA MEDICA BENEFITING LATER GENERATIONS-A MEMENTO OF THE WRITING OF COMPENDIUM OF MATERIA MEDICA AND THE 410TH ANNIVERSARY OF LI SHIZHEN]. QIAN CHAOCHEN, WEN CHANGLU. henan tcm. 2003;23(9):15 (chi*).  
   
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 [LI SHIZHEN’S WORK "COMPENDIUM OF MATERIA MEDICA" AND THEORETICAL DEVELOPMENT OF MICROMEDICATION ON THE BASIS OF SYNDROME DIFFERENTIATION]. GUO ZHENQIU. journal of henan university of chinese medicine. 2004;4(2):77 (chi*).  
 Li Shizhen’s work "Compendium of Materia Medica" is actually a gigantic one encompassing extensive and profound medical knowledge, converging creams of both medicine and medical substances before Ming Dynasty, and integrating the essence from great masters of various schools. This most comprehensive work expounds on the theory of Zangfu, meridians and collaterals, Yingyang and medication principles, and systematically illustrates the scientific connotation and characteristics of medication in related to administration of medicine on the basis of syndrome differentiation, which is marked by careful observation and exact identification of pathogenic factors and pathogenesis, as well as application of comprehensive treatment accordingly.  
 
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 [STUDY AND CLINICAL APPLICATION OF THE BOOK A STUDY ON THE EIGHT EXTRA-CHANNELS]. JIN YA-BEI. chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. 2005;25(3):207 (chi).  
 LI Shi-zhen’s contribution for eight extra-channel theory and effects of this theory on medicine, and e authors experiences on clinical application of this theory are introduced. It is held that the eight extra-channels, one of the essence of TCM, has wide application values in resolving clinical practical problems. 
   


3 documents pour LI SHIZHEN

  • L'OEUVRE D'UN GRAND PHARMACOLOGUE CHINOIS LI CHE TCHEN (1518-1593).

    Huard P. Revue d'Histoire de la Pharmacie. 1956;150:390-95.Note biographique sur le grand pharmacologue Li Che Tchen, auteur  du Pen Ts'Ao Kang Man. le P.T.K.M est un traité d'histoire  naturelle où tous les produits mineraux, végétaux et animaux de  la nature chinoise sont étudiés exhaustivement sous l'angle  thérapeutique, pharmacologique, biologique, chimique, industriel,  folklorique, historique, géographique et même philologique. Etude  bibliographique des éditions du P.T.K.M et des travaux qui lui  sont consacrés en langue chinoise, japonaise, française et  anglaise.

  • LI SHI ZHEN (1518-1593).

    Rempp C. Bulletin de l'Association et d'Etude des Médecines de l'Asie. 1984;4:6-8.

  • LI SHI ZHEN, PHARMACOLOGISTE.

    Ren An. Revue Française d'Acupuncture. 1981;27:31-42.Dans cet article biographique, l'auteur insiste sur l'oeuvre du  plus célèbre herboriste chinois, Li Shi Zhen (1518-1593) :  compilation des connaissances et expériences anciennes de la  pharmacopée, critique des erreurs antérieures, identification et  classification des plantes médicinales, indications et précisions  thérapeutiques des drogues, que nous retrouvons dans le Ben Cao  Gang Mu qui reste l'ouvrage de base de la pharmacopée  traditionnelle chinoise.