LIU LIGONG

LIU Li-gong, professor, head of the literature research section of Shanghai research institute of acupuncture and meridian, member of committee of Shanghai Acupuncture and Moxibustion Academy, member of the editorial committee of Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion. He has been long engaged in research on ancient acupuncture-moxibustion literature.

Articles

 2- gera: 25004/di/cg
 THE ATTEMPT OF MACROSCOPIC RESEARCH ON THE ACUPOINT EFFICACY. LIU LIGONG. selections from article abstracts on acupuncture and moxibustion, beijing. 1987;:287 (eng).
  
3- gera: 24422/di/ra
 COMPUTER RETRIEVAL AND ANALYSIS OF POINTS EFFICACY IN COMPENDIUM OF ACUPUNCTURE AND MOXIBUSTION. LIU LIGONG ET AL. international conference on tcm and pharmacology,shanghai. 1987;:849-50 (eng).
  
4- gera: 39923/di/ra
 [BRIEF ON ACADEMIC EXPERIENCE OF PROF. JIN SHUBAI, VETERAN PHYSICIAN OF TCM]. LIU LIGONG ET AL. shanghai journal of acupuncture and moxibustion. 1992;2:1 (chi).
 
5- gera: 37905/di/ra
 [CHARACTERISTICS OF POINT SELECTION FOR EIGHT PRINCIPAL SYNDROMES]. LIU LIGONG ET AL. shanghai journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1993;5:42 (chi).
  
6- gera: 49035/di/ra
 THE RETRIEVAL AND ANALYSIS OF THE ACUPOINT EFFECT FROM ZHENJIU DACHENG. LIU LIGONG ET AL. world journal of acupuncture-moxibustion. 1993;3(1):52-6 (eng).
 This paper has counted the clauses about the acupoint effect in Zhenjiu Dacheng with computer. The results have been indicated , summed up, simplified , and listed in a table. According to these results, authors proposed some hypotheses, such as the first grade of the holographic units on the extremities, the second grade of the holographic units on the extremities, the holographic unit on the head, etc., which are of significance in the clinical selection of points.
 
7- gera: 49050/di/ra
 A PRELIMINARY EXPLORATION OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF SELECTING ACUPOINTS FOR EIGHT CATEGORIES OF PATTERNS OF IMBALANCE. LIU LIGONG ET AL. world journal of acupuncture-moxibustion. 1993;3(2):40-5 (eng).
 With the help of computers, we have made statistics as to the frequency of selecting points for the eight categories of patterns of imbalance. We suggest that for the heat syndrome, the points in the upper part should usually be selected, for the cold syndrome, the points in the lower part should generally be adopted ; for the exterior syndrome, the points on the Yang surface should mostly be selected, for the interior syndrome, the points on the Yin surface should generally be adopted ; for the asthenic syndrome, the points in the trunk should mostly be selected, for the sthenic syndrome, the points at the extremities generally be adopted.
 
8- gera: 49542/di/ra
 [A SEARCH FOR THE REGULARITY OF POINT SELECTION IN COMMON DISEASES (PART II)]. LIU LIGONG ET AL. shanghai journal of acupuncture and moxibustion. 1994;13(3):126 (chi).
  
9- gera: 53844/di/ra
 [EFFECTS OF ACUPUNCTURE ON ANTRAL G CELLS OF PATIENTS WITH GASTRIC DISEASE]. LIU LIGONG ET AL. acupuncture research. 1994;19(2):75-8 (chi*).
 It is well known that acupuncture is effective for treatment of gastric disease in human. We have observed the effect of acupuncturing "Zhongwan" "Neiguan" "Zusanli" on fluorohistochemical changes of G cells of antral mucosa in 42 patients with gastric disease. The results show that after acupuncture treatment the amount of fluorescent G cells and the fluorescent intensity of gastrin in the G cells were obviously decreased in patients with duodenal ulcer, as compared with that before acupuncture treatment. However, the amount of G cells was increased by acupuncture treatment in patients with chronic atrophic gastritis. These data indicate the acupuncture may regulate G cell from abnormal to normal condition in gastric mucosa of gastric disease.
 
10- gera: 56700/di/ra
 [ANALYSIS OF CHARACTERISTICS IN SELECTION OF ACUPOINTS ON DISEASE OF QI AND BLOOD]. LIU LIGONG ET AL. shanghai journal of acupuncture and moxibustion. 1997;16(1):37 (chi).
 
 11- gera: 68407/di/ra
 [ANALYSIS OF ACUPUNCTURE PRESCRIPTION OF SUNSTROKE TYPE]. LIU LIGONG ET AL. shanghai journal of acupuncture and moxibustion. 1997;16(6):42 (chi).
 
 12- gera: 59684/di/ra
 [ANALYSIS OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ANCIENT ACUPUNCTURE FOR PARALYSIS]. LIU LIGONG ET AL. shanghai journal of acupuncture and moxibustion. 1999;18(4):42 (chi ).
 
 
13- gera: 71356/di/ra
 [AN EXPLORATION ON CHARACTERISTICS OF ANCIENT ACUPUNCTURE AND MOXIBUSTION IN EPILEPSY]. LIU LIGONG ET AL. journal of clinical acupuncture and moxibustion. 2000;16(1):1 (chi).
 
 14- gera: 77611/di/ra
 [APPROACH TO CHARACTERISTICS OF ANCIENT ACUPUNCTION AND MOXIBUSTION TREATMENT OF FAINT SYNDROME]. LIU LIGONG ET AL. chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. 2000;20(4):255 (chi).
 
 15- gera: 108156/di/ra
 [CLINICAL OBSERVATION ON ACUPUNCTURE TREATMENT OF 36 CASES OF CHRONIC ATROPHIC GASTRITIS]. LI JIANZHONG, ZHOU LU, LIU LIGONG, ET AL. acupuncture research. 2002;27(4):280 (chi*).
 Objective : To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture therapy for treatment of chronic atrophic gastritis and to analyze its action mechanisms. Methods : According to the theory of TCM, 36 cases of chronic atrophic gastritis were divided into (1) Deficiency of the spleen and stomach, Qi and blood stagnation, 2 Disharmony of the liver and stomach, depressed fire and dry heat, ( 2) Stomach Yin deficiency, blood stagnation in collateral, and 4 Spleen deficiency and liver Qi stagnation, failure of descending of the stomach-qi. Gastroscopy and electrogastrograph ( EGG) of the body surface are recorded for examining changes of the gastric structure and functional activities after acupuncture treatment. The observed indexes: gastric acid and pepsin, blood gastrin, blood prostaglandin E ( PGE) , gastric mucosal cells and G cells. Main acupoints used were Pishu ( BL 20) , Weishu ( BL 21) , Geshu ( BL 17) , Zhongwan ( CV 12) , Zhangmen ( LR 13) , Neiguan ( PC 6) , Zusanli ( ST 36) and Xuehai ( SP 10). They were punctured and moxibustioned. Results : ( 1) Acupuncture therapy had a better effect in improving clinical symptoms, the markedly effective rate was 97. 23 % and the disappearing rate of clinical manifestations 97. 02 % ; 2 After the acupuncture treatment, the output of gastric acid and gastric pepsin reduced by 78% and 52% respectively in comparison with that of pre-treatment ( P < 0. 01) , while blood PGE concentration increased by 39 % ( P < 0. 01). ( 3) After acupuncture. the gastric acid secretion increased by 92 % ( P < 0 – 01). ( I After acupuncture treatment, the gastric dynamics was enhanced and the amplitude of EGG raised by 45 % ( P < 0. 05). ( 5) Acupuncture could significantly facilitate secretion of gastrin ( increasing by 56 %). ( B Immunofluorescence technique showed that the abnormal number and structure of the antral mucosa gastrin cells G of epigastralgia patients became normal again after the acupuncture treatment. 7 The EGG patterns of chronic atrophic gastritis patients were different in patients with different syndromes. In deficient type atrophic gastritis patients , the amplitude values of EGG were lower than those of normal people, and higher in excess type patients, while those of EGG of the mixed type of deficiency and excess patients were between the above- mentioned 2 types, but the individual differences were significant. The patients in the present study belonged to the compound deficiency and excess type ( with the deficiency being predominant) , therefore, after acupuncture treatment, the amplitude of EEG was decreased in most of the cases. The acupuncture treatment could help it become normal. 8 After acupuncture treatment, the glands were increased in the number, the mucosa became thicker and the muscular layer of the mucosa became thinner, blood vessels increased as well, and intestinal metaplasia or non-typical hyperplasia disappeared; the color of mucosa became red or partially congested; the granular tuberosity disappeared and it bled easily during the biopsy examination. 
 
16- gera: 129124/di/ra
 [ANALYSIS ON THE THERAPEUTIC CHARACTERISTIC ON THE ANCIENT TREATMENT OF DIABETES BY ACUPUNCTURE]. LIU LIGONG, ET AL. journal of traditional chinese medicinal literature. 2004;2:13 (chi).
 
 17- gera: 134516/di/ra
 [ANALYSIS OF INSOMNIA TREATED WITH ANCIENT ACUPUNCTURE]. LIU LIGONG,GU JIE,YANG YUNHUA . forum on tcm. 2004;19(6):13 (chi).
 
 18- gera: 139046/di/ra
 [ANALYSIS OF ANCIENT ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY CHARACTER ON STERILITY]. LIU LIGONG, ET AL. journal of traditional chinese medicinal literature. 2005;1:14 (chi).