SHI XUEMIN

Shi Xuemin (1938-)

Dr. Shi Xuemin was born in the western suburb of Tianjin in 1938. He graduated from the Tianjin College of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 1962. In 1965 he attended the research course of acupuncture and moxibustion sponsored by the Ministry of Public Health. From 1968 to 1972, he served as a doctor on a medical team working in Algeria. Soon after he returned home, he organized an acupuncture department in the No. 1 Hospital Affiliated with the Tianjin College of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The small acupuncture department which consisted only of three medical workers soon developed into a medical teaching and research centre with a hundred acupuncturists, a hundred beds, a daily outpatient rate of a thousand and ten departments with modern equipment. Dr. Shi is systematized the experience of past acupuncturists and combined it with his own clinical knowledge to raise the academic level. of acupuncture. He has had success in treating such acute and severe diseases as windstroke, colic pain of the gallbladder, and pulseless diseases. Acupuncture Treatment of Windstroke by Refresh­ing the Mind of Resuscitation that he designed, was awarded the second prize of the scientific and technological achievements by the Tianjin, municipal government in 1986. The Four Major Factors in the quantitation of the needling manipulation that lie put forward was chosen as a scientific research achievement by the Scientific and Technological Commission of Tianjin in 1986 and by the TCM circles in China. His main works include the book The Practical Acupuncture and Moxibustion and the theses The Clinical Application of the Reinforcing and Reducing Methods by Twirling and Rotating the Needle and the Conception of Quantitation of the Manipulation and The Clinical Observations on 617 Cases of Cerebral Infarction Treated with the Method of Refreshing the Mind for Resuscitation. He is now the president of the No. 1 Hospital Affiliated with the Tianjin College of the Traditional Chinese Medicine, director of the Acupuncture Department, chief acupuncturist and professor. (source : Essentials of Contemporary Chinese Acupuncturist Clinical Experience. Beijing : Foreign Languages.1989).

Bibliographie

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 CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS ON 50 CASES OF OBSTIPATION TREATED WITH ACUPUNCTURE.SHI XUEMIN ET AL.journal of tcm. 1982;2:162 (eng).
 40E + 28E + 29E + Point 2 cm en dehors. Dispersion pendant 1 minute puis les aiguilles sont laissées en place 30′. Le 40E régularise les fonctions de la Rate et de l’Estomac. Les points en dehors du 28E et 29E régularisent les fonctions de l’estomac, des intestins et du triple réchauffeur. Sur 50 cas seulement deux échecs chez des patients souffrant de paraplégie traumatique. Chez les 48 autres patients le résultat apparaît 20′ à 3 heures après
 
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 CLINICAL PRACTICE AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH OF APOLEXY BY ACUPUNCTURE WITH « ACTIVATE BRAIN AND THERAPY FOR WAKING UP PATIENT FROM UN.SHI XUEMIN ET AL.second national symposium on acupuncture and moxibustion,beijing. 1984;:18 (eng).

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 30 CASES OF « PULSELESS DISEASE » TREATED WITH ACUPUNCTURE.SHI XUEMIN ET AL.journal of traditional chinese medicine. 1986;6(4):273-6 (eng).

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 CLINICAL ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF 2336 CASES OF WINDSTROKE TREATED BY ACUPUNCTURE RESUSCITATING METHOD.SHI XUEMIN.in compilation of the abstracts of acupuncture and moxibustion papers, beijing. 1987;:36 (eng).

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 CLINICAL ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF 2336 CASES OF WINDSTROKE TREATED BY ACUPUNCTURE.SHI XUEMIN.selections from article abstracts on acupuncture and moxibustion, beijing. 1987;:40 (eng).

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 CLINICAL SUMMARY OF 105 CASES OF MASCULINE AND FEMININE INFERTILITY TREATED BY ACUPUNCTURE.SHI XUEMIN ET AL.in selections from article abstracts on acupuncture and moxibustion, beijing. 1987;:126 (eng).
 Traitement de 105 cas de stérilité, 96 hommes et 9 femmes âgés de 28 à 40 ans. Un bilan pré et post thérapeutique est effectué. Points utilisés : 3VC, 29E, 6Rte, 23V, Zigong… Manipulation par enfoncement technique respiratoire pour renforcer l’énergie vitale. 52,38 % de guérison; 33,33 % amélioration; échec 14,3 %.
 
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 ACUPUNCTURE TREATMENT OF CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE.SHI XUEMIN ET AL.international conference on tcm and pharmacology,shanghai. 1987;:746-7 (eng).

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 [APPLICATION AND CONCEPT OF MEASUREMENT OF THE METHOD OF « REINFORCING AND REDUCING BY TWISTING AND TWIRLING THE NEEDLE »].SHI XUEMIN ET AL.acta medica sinica. 1987;2(5):16-17 (chi).

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 [INQUIRY ON « SHIDONG » AND « SUOSHENG » DISEASES RECORDED IN LINGSHU, JINGMAI (MIRACULOUS PIVOT, ON MERIDIANS AND COLLATERALS)].SHI XUEMIN ET AL.chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. 1988;8(2):44 (chi*).
 En règle générale, les maladies « shidong » des méridiens sont des affections aigües par plénitude, tandis que les maladies « suosheng » sont des affections internes de vide. Toutefois quelques maladies « shidong » peuvent se présenter comme des syndromes de vide avec poussées aigües. Tandis qu’une maladie « suosheng » peut être unecombinaison de vide et de plénitude, ou encore être provoquée par une chaleur externe pénétrant à l’intérieur. Enfin des types de maladie « suosheng » sont seulement caractérisés par une obstruction du qi dans les méridiens
 
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 REFRESHMENT OF THE MIND, QUANTITATION OF THE MANIPULATION, ZANG-FU DIFFERENTIATION AND THE PRICKING METHOD OF BLOODLETTING.SHI XUEMIN.essentials of contemporary chinese acupuncturists’ clinical experiences, foreign lang. 1989;:62-78 (eng).

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 « REFRESHMENT -RESUSCITATION » ACUPUNCTURE FOR CEREBRAL ACCIDENTS.SHI XUEMIN ET AL.international journal of clinical acupuncture. 1992;3(1):19-29 (eng ).
 Cerebral accident, a common occurrence, is often fatal or seriously crippling. Since 1972 we have treated 3207 patients afflicted with this disease by the method of « refreshing brain and nourishing Liver and Kidney, supplemented by promoting circulation in channels and collaterals », called the « refreshment-resuscitation » (r-r) regimen. Research work including such scientific studies as laboratory and animal experiments have been done to guide clinical treatment. As this regimen has proved sedating, anti-spamodic, resuscitating enhancing cerebral. As this regimen has proved sedating, anti-spasmodic, resusciating enhancing cerebral blood supply and at the same time regulating hemo-viscosity, we present our experience as follows.
 
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 LE TRAITEMENT DES ACCIDENTS VASCULAIRES CEREBRAUX PAR ACUPUNCTURE.SHI XUEMIN ET AL.folia sinotherapeutica. 1992;12:5-14 (fra).

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 [CLINICAL STUDY ON APOPLEXY TREATED BY ACUPUNCTURE].SHI XUEMING ET AL.shanghai journal of acupuncture and moxibustion. 1992;11(4):4 (chi).

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 REVIEW ON THE CLINICAL RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT IN ACUPUNCTURE AND MOXIBUSTION.SHI XUEMIN.world journal of acupuncture-moxibustion. 1998;8(4):44-51 (eng).
 The author read the clinical reports on stroke, coronary cardiopathy, prostatitis, acute mastitis, gastroduodenal ulcerand ulcerative colitis treated with acupuncture and articles about bloodletting puncturing method in recent 10 years, analysed generally recent research articles about the above diseases treated with acupuncture, summed up some effective prescription of acupuncture, and pointed out some shortcomings in clinical research, classified the clinical reports on blood-letting puncturing method into three aspects according to the effects of clearing away heat and toxic material, promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis and alleviating pain, and rescuing emergency. These reports suggested that there was no analytic study on the contraindication and the amount of bleeding, and also the basic research was not enough. In the end, the author introduced their research workapplingacupuncture to rescue the patients with central respiratory failure and arrhythmia caused by cardiac infarction.
 
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 [REVIEW ON THE CLINICAL RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT IN ACUPUNCTURE AND MOXIBUSTION].SHI XUEMIN.acupuncture research. 1998;23(2):85 (chi*).
 The author read the clinical reports on stroke, coronary cardiopathy, prostatitis, acute mastitis, gastroduodenal ulcerand ulcerative colitis treated with acupuncture, and articles about blood-letting puncturing method in recent 10 years, analysed generally recent research articles about the above diseases treated with acupuncture, sumed up some effective prescription of acupuncture, and pointed out some shortcomings in clinical research, classified the clinical reports on blood-letting puncturing method into three aspects according to the effects of clearing away heat and toxic material, promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis and alleviating pain, and rescuing ernergency. These reports suggested that there was not analytic study on the contraindication and the amount of bleeding, and also the basic research was not enough. In the end, the author introduced their research work- appling acupuncture to rescue the patients with central respiratory failure and arrhythmic caused by cardiac
 
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 [PROTECTIVE ACTION OF « XING NAO KAI QIAO » ACUPUNCTURE METHOD ON INJURIES OF MYOCARDIAL ULTRASTRUCTURE IN THE RAT OF EXPERIMENTAL CEREBRAL ISCHEMIA].SHI XUEMIN ET AL.chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. 1998;18(7):405 (chi*).
 Changes of myocardial ultrastructure after cerebral ischemia for 24 hours and the effect of acupuncture were observed in the rat of local cerebral ischemia developed by blockage of MCA on one side. Results indicated that after ischemia, mitochondrion, myofibril and nucleus of myocardium injured obviously (P<0. 01), and form of myocardial capillary changea. The « Xing Nao Kai Qiao » acupuncture method has significant improving action on the injuries of myocardiac ultrastructure (P<0. 01), and the action was superior to that in the traditional
 
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 [EFFECT OF ACUPUNCTURE ON LEVELS OF EXCITATOTY AMINO ACIDS IN THE BRAIN OF SAM-P/8 SENILE RATS].SHI XUEMIN ET AL.chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. 1998;18(11):689 (chi*).
 Levels of excitatory and inhibitory amino acids in different brain regions and effect of acupuncture on metabolism of, excitatory amino acids in the mouse of rapidly aging and dementia ( SAM-P/8 ) were observed. Results indicated that synthesis and degradation of excitatory amino acids in the hippocampus,cortex and striatum in P/8 rats were at hyperfonctional state and inhibitory amino acids changed to a certain extent as compared with the normally aging rats (SAM-R/1) ;acupuncture co /acupuncture could decrease obviously the abnormal increase of glutamic acid, glutamine and asparagine. It is suggested that acupuncture has regulative action on metabolism of excitatory amino acids, and toxicity of excitatory amino acids play an important role in pathologic mechanisms of aging and dementia, and regulative action of acupuncture on excitatory amino acids may be one of important
 
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 [EFFECTS OF ACUPUNCTURE ON THE STOREOLOGICAL TEST OF HIPPOCAMPUS PYRAMIDAL CELL OF MULTI-INFARCT DEMENTIA MODEL RATS].SHI XUEMIN ET AL.acupuncture research. 1998;23(4):245 (chi*).
 In this research, we applied computer picture analysing system to measure the storeologidal test parameter of pyramidal cell in hippocampal CA1 and CA3 areas of multi-infarct dementia(MID) model rats. So we could quantize the morphological changes in CA1 and CA3 areas. The result shows that the surface density and volume density of preventing group are obviously higher than those of model group. The number density of prevention group is obviously lower than that of model group and approaches that of false operation group. From the above, we conclude that treating eariler can prevent the injury of brain tissue. The volume density of acupuncture group islower than that of prevention group. It shows that the volume of pyramidal cell of acupuncture group is lower than
 
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 BRAIN ATROPHY AND AGEING: RESEARCH ON THE EFFECT OF ACUPUNCTURE ON NEURONAL APOPTOSIS IN CORTICAL TISSUE.SHI XUEMIN ET AL.american journal of acupuncture. 1998;26(4):251-54 (eng).
 To study the relationship between brain atrophy and cell apoptosis and possible therapeutic effects of acupuncture, we examined and compared the prevalence of cell apoptosis in the brain of senescence accelerated mice (SAM)-P/10 and in senescence resistant mice (SAM-R/1). The pre-treatment results showed significantly more cell apoptosis in the cerebral cortex of SAM-P/10 than SAM-R11 mice. We then applied acupuncture to two groupsof SAM-P/10 mice: One group received needling at true acupoints; the other group was needled at non-acupoints.There was a significant decrease in the prevalence of cell apoptosis in the cerebral cortex of mice needled at true acupoints suggesting that therapeutic acupuncture may have an inhibiting effect.
 
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 NOBEL PRIZE DISCOVERY OPENS POSSIBILITIES FOR EXPLORING ACUPUNCTURE MECHANISMS AND DEMENTIA: THE EFFECTS OF NEEDLING ON NITRIC OXIDE LEVELS IN PASMA AND MYOCARDIUM.SHI XUEMIN ET AL.american journal of acupuncture. 1998;26(4):255-58 (eng).
 This study compared levels of nitric oxide (NO) in plasma and myocardium in senescence accelerated (SAM-P/8) and normal ageing (SAM-R/1) mice It also observed the effects of xingnao kaiqiao » acupuncture on similar mice. The results showed that the plasma NO level was lower in 2- and 8-month-old SAM-P/8 compared with that of same age naturally ageing controls (SAM-RJ1) (P<0.01). There were no significant differences in myocardium NO between the two sub-strains of mice. After acupuncture treatment the plasma NO content in SAM-P/8 increased to normal levels. Results suggest that influencing the content of NO might be one of the major mechanisms by which
 
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 CLINICAL STUDY ON THE ACUTE PERIOD OF STROKE TREATED WITH ACUPUNCTURE.SHI XUEMIN, ZHANG HUIYONG, BIAN JINLING, ET AL.chinese journal of integrated traditional and western medicine. 1998;4(1):71 (eng).

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 [ON DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT SYSTEM OF APOPLEXY TREATED MAINLY WITH ACUPUNCTURE].SHI XUEMIN.jiangsu journal of tcm. 1999;20(8):3 (chi).

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 [CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES ON ACUPUNCTURE TREATMENT FOR 325 CASES OF FALSE BULBAR PARALYSIS].SHI XUEMIN ET AL.chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. 1999;19(8):491 (chi*).
 Clinical and experimental studies on acupoint selection, acupoint prescription, acupuncture direction and depth, and manipulation and stimulative amount, and so on were carried out. The results indicated that the clinical curedrate was 68.92% and the total effective rate was 98.05% in the present group. Detection of basicranial hemodynamics in the patient of vertebrobasilar insufficiency showed that after acupuncture at Fengchi (GB20) , systolic peak velocity in velocity of blood flow (SV) and mean velocity (MV) of blood flow in poly-phases quickened obviously and lasted for longer time, generally lasting for 30-60 minutes, and vascular resistance index (RI) and vascular pulsation index (PI) improved markedly as compared with before acupuncture. It is suggested that resistance of small artery and micro-artery decreases and cerebral blood flow improve.
 
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 [EFFECTS OF ACUPUNCTURE ON NUCLEOPROTEINS AND CHROMATINIC NONHISTONE OF BAIN CELLS IN MICE OF ENCEPHALATROPHY].SHI XUEMIN ET AL.chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. 1999;19(1):43 (chi*).
 Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used for investigation on electrophoretogram of nucleoprotiens and chromatinic nonhistone of brain cells in the mice of rapid aging encephalatrophy ( SAM-P/10 ) after acupuncture of Shuigou (GV26) and Neiguan (PC 6) . Scaining for optical density and determination of the peak area ratio of protein zones indicated that acupuncture decreased the content of membrance protein(the protein zone of 62 KD molecular weight in cellular nucleoproteins) and increased the content of nonhistone (the protein zone of 24 KD molecular weight in chromatinic proteins). It is suggested that acupuncture of Shuigou and Neiguan points have antagonistic action on the change of some proteins in senile process.
 
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 CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH ON APOPLECTIC SEQUELAE TREATE DWITH « XINGNAO KAIQIAO » (XNKQ) ACUPUNCTURE METHOD.SHI XUEMIN ET AL.word journal of acupuncture-moxibustion. 1999;9(1):3-7 (eng).
 The research sumed up the main acupoints of prescription and clinical therapeutic effects of apoplectic sequelae. In the series, 60 in-patients were observed, they were divided into two groups at random, 30 cases in the Xing Nao Kai Ciao group, 30 cases in the traditional group. There are comparability on different diseases, courses of the disease, ages and so on between the two groups. On the treatment method, Xing Nao Kai Qiao acupuncture manipulation and acupoints prescription were adopted in the Xing Nao group, and the method descriped in the fifth edition textbook was applied in the traditional group. Acupuncture treatment was given two times a day. After 60 days, evaluation of clinical therapeutic effects were made and the changes of blood theology, blood lipoids microcirculation and electromyogram in the two groups were observed before and after acupuncture treatment. The results of therapeutic effects suggested that the cure rates were 26. 67 % in the 6. 67 % in the Xing Nao group and traditional group respectively, obvious improvement rates were 46. 69% and 20. 00% respectively in the two groups. There was an obvious difference between the two groups according to statistical analysis ( P < 0. 05, P < 0.01 ) . It showed that Xing Nao Kai Qino acupuncture method could obviously improve blood rheology and blood-lipoids ( P < 0. 05 ), and played an active regulation role in the nail fold microcirculation. After treatment, electromyogram showed that electric potential of motor unit was markedly increased, myodynamia became stronger. It indicated that the Xing Nao Kai Ciao acupuncture method was better than the traditional acupuncture method on the treatment of apoplectic sequelae. It in worth popularizing.
 
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 CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS ON ACUPUNCTURE TREATMENT OF PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY-A REPORT OF 325 CASES.SHI XUEMIN ET AL.journal of tcm. 1999;19(1):27-31 (eng).

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 OSSERVAZIONE CLINICA SUL TRATTAMENTO CON AGOPUNTURA DELLA PARALISI PSEUDOBULBARE.SHI XUEMIN ET AL.rivista italiana di medicina tradizionale cinese. 2000;79(1):45-8 (ita).
 La paralisi pseudobulbare, una delle principali complicazioni causate dall’apoplessia cerebrale, risulta da un danno sopranucleare dei nuclei motori del nervo cranico che controlla il bulbo. È caratterizzata da disfagia, disartriae alterazioni dell’attività mentale. In passato, i pazienti decedevano in genere per polmonite ipostatica secondaria e per grave malnutrizione dovuta a mancanza di provvedimenti terapeutici efficaci e tempestivi. Nei primi anni Settanta, iniziammo a studiare dal punto di vista della MTC la patogenesi della paralisi pseudobulbare(grave complesso di sintomi causato dall’apoplessia) accompagnata da disfagia, disartria e alterazioni dell’attivitàmentale. Studi precedenti hanno dimostrato che l’ostruzione e la paralisi della lingua, della faringe e della laringe, e le alterazioni dell’attività mentale sono alla base della complessa patogenesi, la cui cause primaria è lamalnutrizione dei muscoli da parse del sangue e dei liquidi corporei dovuta a lesione del fegato e del rene, oppure ad ostruzione di catarri nel nasofaringe causata da deficit della milza, oppure da mancata nutrizione del fegato da parse del rene che dà luogo a risalita cello yang del fegato malgrado la compromissione multiviscerale.Si deve anche considerare che secondo la MTC, il complesso sintomatologico deve essere riferito a una sindromeda deficit o da deficit in profondità ed eccesso in superficie. Pertanto, nella terapia della paralisi psudobulbare con agopuntura venne adpttato il principio terapeutico di regolar l’attività mentale, armonizzare le funzioni del qi vitale, nutrire i tre yin e drenare il blocco della lingua, della faringe e della laringe. In agginnta, furono standardizzate la selezione dei punti, la direzione e la profondità della puntura, e la tecnica di manipolazione degli aghi. Fin dai primi anni Ottanta abbiamo sottoposto a trattamento 325 casi di paralisi pseudobulbare con
 
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 [RESEARCH ON ACADEMICIAN SHI XUEMIN ‘ S ACADEMIC THOUGHT].MA YANFAN .chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. 2001;21(7):421 (chi*).

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 [ISSUES IN THE NEW CENTRURY FACING SCIENCE OF ACUPUNCTURE AND MOXIBUSTION AND THEIR COUNTERMOVES].SHI XUEMIN .chinese archives of traditional chinese medicine. 2002;20(1):7 (chi).

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 [PROSPECT OF THE CONTINUABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TCM IN THE NEW CENTURY].SHI XUEMIN .tianjin journal of traditional chinese medicine. 2002;19(2):3 (chi).

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 [CONCEPTION AND CORE OF ACADEMICIAN SHI XUEMIN’S ACUPUNCTURE MANIPULATION QUANTITATIVE ARTS .].BIAN JINLING, ZHANG CHUNHONG.chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. 2003;23(5):287 (chi*).

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 TREATMENT OF APOPLEXY WITH BRAIN-ACTIVATING AND ORIFICE-OPENING ACUPUNCTURE.SHI XUEMIN.journal of acupuncture and tuina science. 2003;1(1):4 (eng*).

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 [THINKING OF CONSTRUCTION OF TCM’S SUBJECT AND CULTIVATION OF LEADERS OF SUBJECT].SHI XUE-MIN.tianjin journal of tcm. 2003;20(5):8 (chi*).

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 [CLINICAL RESEARCH ON THE TREATMENT OF APOPLEXY WITH THE ACUPUNCTURE METHOD OF SHARPENING MIND AND INDUCING CONSCIOUSNESS].SHI XUE-MIN .guiding journal of tcm. 2005;11(1):3 (chi*).
 The author adopted the acupuncture method of « sharpening mind and inducing consciousness » to treat 9005 casesof apoplexy, through observation in 3 – 5 periods (10 days /1 period of treatment) , the number of recovery patientswere 5337 cases (59.27%) , significant effect 2085 cases (23. 15% ) , the mend 1453 cases (16. 14%) , no effect 40 cases ( 0.44%) , death 9 cases (1.0%) . And through observation of related targets in clinical lab and comparing with those before treatment, the difference had a distinct significance (P < 0.05 ,P < 0.01) .
 
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 [CEREBRAL VASCULAR DISEASE AND STROKE UNIT].SHI XUE-MIN.tianjin journal of tcm. 2005;22(1):1 (chi).

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 [MY OPINION ON ACADEMICIAN SHI XUE-MIN’S THOUGHT ABOUT SPIRIT IN ACUPUNCTURE]ZHANG ZL..chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. 2005;25(12):867-9. (chi).
 Academician SHI Xue-min emphasizes application of spirit in acupuncture technique, and considers that keeping spirit is the first task for acupuncture, reaction of spirit is a guarantee for producing the effect, acupuncture must require the reaction of spirit in needling, and raises location, governing, disease, and treatment of the spirit. Thus, the intension of the spirit is analyzed from physiology, pathology and treatment of the spirit, forming academic