James Cantlie (1851-1926)

Professor Cantlie graduated from Aberdeen in Scotland and pursued a career of missionary and medicine. He came to Hong Kong in 1887 and became a co-founder of the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese. His great experience in teaching in London provided a solid foundation for the new medical school. His favorite student of the time was Sun Yat-sen. Professor Cantlie is well-recognized in literature for ‘Cantlie’s line’ which delineates the surgical anatomy of the liver. (Cantlie J. A new arrangement of the right and left lobes of the liver. J. Anat. Physiol 1898; 32:4-9). “He studied liver abscess and its complications comprehensively. Professor Cantlie described the procedure of draining the abscess by tapping with satisfactory results. For many years his method has been described in surgical textbooks”. (Extract from book ‘A Romance in Medicine’). After leaving the Hong Kong College of Medicine, he kept his contacts with Dr. Sun Yat-sen and followed up on his professional and political career. He played a key role in securing the release of Sun who had been abducted and held prisoner in the Chinese Legation in London. Professor Cantlie survived to see his student becoming the first president of Republic of China. Professor Cantlie died in 1926. (source : Hong Kong University).

 Sir James Cantlie  was a Scottish physician. He was born in Banffshire and took his first degree at Aberdeen University, carrying out his clinical training at Charing Cross Hospital, London. In 1877 Cantlie became a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons and Assistant Surgeon to Charing Cross Hospital; in 1886 he became Surgeon at Charing Cross. In 1888 he resigned to take up a position as Dean of the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese (where the future Chinese leader Sun Yat Sen was one of his pupils), combining his work there with private surgical practice. His work during these years included investigations into leprosy and into various tropical diseases; in 1894 he encountered an outbreak of plague in Hong Kong. Sun was kidnapped in 1896, and sought help from Cantlie. Cantlie led a campaign which not only succeeded in releasing Sun, but left Sun a hero in Britain. In 1897 Cantlie returned to practice in London, where he was involved in the setting up of the Journal of Tropical Medicine in 1898, and of the London School of Tropical Medicine in 1899. He was a founder of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. During the early years of the twentieth century, and particularly during the First World War (1914-1919), Cantlie’s work centred on the provision and training of ambulance services (source : wikipedia).

Needling painful spots as practised by chinese. Cantlie J. China Medical Journal. 1916;30:410-3.

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