John Dudgeon (1837 – 1901)
Missionnaire anglais, médecin et chirurgien qui a résidé 40 ans en Chine.
« J. Dudgeon, professeur en médecine au Collège Impérial, édita un essai sur la médecine occidentale (1875), une physiologie illustrée (1886) et une anatomie monumentale (en vingt volumes, 1887) ». (Huard).
John Dudgeon (1837 – 1901) was a British physician who spent nearly 40 years in China as a doctor, surgeon, translator, and medical missionary.
Dudgeon attended the University of Edinburgh and the University of Glasgow, in the latter of which he graduated M.D. and Master of Surgery in 1862. In 1863, he traveled to China where he was appointed Physician (and later Consulting Surgeon) to the British Legation in Pekin (modern-day Beijing). He was appointed Professor of Anatomy and Physiology at the Imperial College, and in 1864 he was named Surgeon to the Pekin Hospital in connection with the London Missionary Society. In Wanderings in China, Constance Frederica Gordon Cumming wrote:
Even when the health of the city is at its normal condition the cares of such a hospital as this are serious, and to me it is a source of amazement how Dr. Dudgeon gets through his daily work. To begin with he must personally prescribe for, on an average, 120 hospital patients every morning, besides and extensive outside practice, which includes several of the foreign Legations, and involves driving long distances in the blazing heat and in the horrible springless carts. Two hours a day are devoted to translating useful books into Chinese with his students, besides the labour of preparing and delivering his lectures at the Government College.
He was an accomplished Chinese scholar, and during his long residence at Pekin he studied the manners and customs of the inhabitants, and the semi-annual reports that he forwarded to the Chinese Customs Maritime Service contain a large amount of valuable information regarding the climatic condition, physical features and drainage, and general habits of the people bearing upon health. He was the author of an Historical Sketch of the Ecclesiastical, Political, and Commercial Relation of Russia with China, of a work On the Principles and Practice of Photography (in Chinese), and of an article in the Pekin Magazine (in Chinese) on the virtues of quinine, in which he pointed out the dangers of the imported spurious article. To the Chinese Medical Journal he contributed papers on A Modern Chinese Anatomist, and A Chapter on Chinese Surgery. He also made several contributions to other medical journals, especially on subjects connected with the medical practice and materia medica of China.
According to an obituary in The British Medical Journal, Dudgeon was arguably the best-known European in China, with the single exception of Sir Robert Hart. He had the confidence of the best Chinese statesmen, and knew all about the inner working of the Celestial machine. He was in close personal touch with the Emperor before the outbreak of the present trouble, and it was he who first gave the world the news of the secret treaty between China and Russia. Dr. Dudgeon took an active part in the defence of the Legations during the siege. He was a member of the British Medical Association.
Nécrologie : The British Medical Journal, March 16, 1901,
Dudgeon J. China Medical Missionary Journal, june 1895.A propos du Yi Zong Jin Jian (Miroir doré de la médecine, 1742), éléments de traumatologie chinoise.
Dudgeon J. China Medical Missionary Journal, december 1893.A propos de Wang Qingren (1768-1831) et de son traité Yi Lin Gai Cuo (« Erreurs Corrigées en Médecine »).